What is a Platformer Video Game?A platfomer is a video game in which the game-play revolves heavily around players running and jumping onto platforms, floors, ledges, stairs or other objects depicted on a single or scrolling game screen. First developed back in the early 1980s, platformers are one of the earliest genre of video games. While it's debated which game actually started the platformer genre, it's clear that early classics such as Donkey Kong, Space Panic, and Mario Bros were very influential and all had a hand in shaping the genre.
Single Screen PlatformersSingle screen platformers, as the name suggests, are played on a single game screen and typically contain obstacles the player must avoid and an objective he or she tries complete. The best example of a single screen platformer is Donkey Kong, where Mario travels up steel platforms while dodging and jumping barrels being thrown down at him. Once the single screen's objective is complete the player typically moves on to a different screen with the same or new objective.
Side and Vertical Scrolling PlatformersSide and vertical scrolling platformer games on the other hand, have a game screen/background that moves or scrolls along as the player moves towards the edges of the screen. Many side scrolling platformers are also characterized by having multiple levels, each ending in a boss fight before advancing to the next level. Examples of side scrolling platformers include classics such as Super Mario Bros, Castlevania, Sonic the Hedgehog, and Pitfall!